Ep. 1.5 The Glossary Words to Get You Through The Cannabis World
These are some common cannabis words or lingo that we will use and we figured it would benefit to know the definitions of the words we use to better understand the content. Thanks to Leafly. Com for having such an amazing resource.
Dispensary: A dispensary is a general term used to refer to any location where a patient or consumer can safely access cannabis and to purchase their cannabis.
Cannabis: Cannabis is a plant genus – it has 3 species of flowering plants:
Cannabis Sativa or Sativa: originated outside of the Middle East and Asia and include strains that are from areas such as South America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Thailand. They grow taller as plants approximately 5 feet or taller, are lighter in color and take longer to flower. Sativas are known to produce more cerebral effects as opposed to physical and sedative ones.
Cannabis ruderalis or CBD: Ruderalis is a low-THC cannabis variety that is primarily selected by breeders for its CBD-rich genetics. Unlike Cannabis sativa and indica, which use light cycles to flower, ruderalis is an “autoflowering” variety, meaning it flowers with age. Cannabis is native to Asia, but grows almost anywhere and has long been cultivated both for the production of hemp and to be used as a drug. This is the part of the plant that is nonpsychoactive and has a lot of the medicinal benefits. We delve into CBD and the current confusion of its classification with the DEA in this episode #2 CBD & Chicago Blue Dream.
Cannabis Indica or Indica: originated in the Middle East and Asia and include both of the famous kush and Afghan lineages. Compared to their sativa counterparts, the plants are shorter, bushier and have more compact flower structure. This species tends to produce more relaxing physical effects and can have a sedative quality.
Hybrid: Hybrid refers to a plant that is genetically a cross between one or more separate strains of cannabis. Hybrids can happen unintentionally, but they are usually bred specifically to combine desired traits of the original plants. Most marijuana on the market today is some form of hybrid.
Flowers: Cannabis flowers are the nuggets that the plant produces that has a hairy appearance, is sticky to the touch and is visually covered in crystal-covered bits that are harvested and dried to be used as medication. When they are allowed to be fertilized by male plants, these flowers will produce cannabis seeds. If not, they will continue to produce the resin that contains their active cannabinoids until they are harvested or begin to die.
Strain: A strain is a specific variety of a plant species. Strains are developed to produce distinct desired traits in the plant and are usually named by their breeders (or by creative consumers). Although the medical marijuana industry strives for consistency, strains can easily be mistakenly or purposely misidentified.
Concentrates are a potent consolidation of cannabinoids that are made by dissolving marijuana in its plant form into a solvent. Results: high THC levels (generally more than flowers or hashish), and can produce varying products that range from thick sticky oils (BHO)moldable goo (budder/wax)resinous bits (shatter).TerpenesFlavinoids
Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds unique to cannabis that act upon the human body’s cannabinoid receptors, producing various effects including pain relief and other medically beneficial uses. 85 known cannabinoids all with varying effects and THC isn’t the only one. There’s also CBD
Marijuana’s most well-known cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) due to the fact that it is the most abundant, and also because it produces the psychoactive effects (or the “high”) that drives the plant’s recreational use. Also known as delta-9-tetracannabinol, it was first isolated in 1964 and is thought to serve as a natural defense for the plant against pests.
CBD treats pain, inflammation, and anxiety without the psychoactive effects (the “high” or “stoned” feeling) associated with THC. And, We’ll be featuring the other major players CBG, CBC, CBN, and others in a future episode.
Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells. … There are two different types of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2
The endocannabinoid system, with its complex actions in our immune system, nervous system, and all of the body’s organs, is literally a bridge between body and mind. These receptors and cannabinoids can be thought of as a lock-and-key system When marijuana enters your body, THC activates the endocannabinoid system by attaching to cannabinoid receptors.